History of Green Computing
In 1992, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency launched Energy Star, a voluntary labeling program which is designed to promote and recognize energy-efficiency in monitors, climate control equipment, and other technologies. This resulted in the widespread adoption of sleep mode among consumer electronics. The term “green computing” was probably coined shortly after the Energy Star program began. (S.V.S.S. Lakshmi, 2012)
For a PC disposal, it is necessary to know everything there is to know in order to be involved in green computing. Basically, the whole green aspect came about quite a few years back when the news that the environment was not a renewable resource really hit home and people started realizing that they had to do their part to protect the environment. Basically, the efficient use of computers and computing is what green computing is all about. The triple bottom line is what is important when it comes to anything green and the same goes for green computing. This considers social responsibility, economic viability and the impact on the environment. Many businesses simply focus on a bottom line, rather than a green triple bottom line, of economic viability when it comes to computers. The idea is to make the whole process surrounding computers friendlier to the environment, economy, and society. This means manufacturers create computers in a way that reflects the triple bottom line positively. Once computers are sold businesses or people use them in a green way by reducing power usage and disposing of them properly or recycling them. The idea is to make computers from beginning to end a green product. (S.V.S.S. Lakshmi, 2012) Green Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
According to Webber (2009) Green technologies is the reduction of the environmental impact of the IT department. The key is finding the right equipment that is easy to operate and easy to be processed as unusable. There are three main characteristics of Green ICT (Webber, 2009):
- ITequipmentmust beefficient
- The capacity ofITequipmentmust be in accordancewith his duties, and
- The cost ofownershipof ITequipmentmust be inclusive ofthe cost ofreprocessingright.
Green IT has many meanings based on Velte (2009), as follows
- Purchaseof more efficienttechnologies
- Reducingthe energyconsumptionofdatacenters, and
- To buyeco-friendlyhardware
So, by using green technologies, we can reduce pollution and also good for our environment.
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