Audit Database


In today’s rapidly advancing technological landscape, the security of a company’s database is of utmost importance. The company must carefully monitor the pressure and vulnerabilities related to database security. To ensure the safety of the data stored in the database, the company needs to enhance its security measures and implement strict supervision.

An audit is one effective method to safeguard a company’s database. An audit database involves the process of monitoring and overseeing access to and modification of selected database objects, which serve as resources in the operational database. This process records detailed access information, which the company can use as an analytical tool to make informed decisions and policies as needed.

At its core, an audit database is a practice that tracks the usage of resources and database authorities. It helps answer critical questions such as “Who accessed or modified the data?”, “When did the data undergo changes?” and “Should outdated applications be maintained or replaced?”. Additionally, an audit database aids in enhancing data integrity, enabling the detection of security breaches, and acts as a preventive measure against user disruptions.

Conducting an audit database allows companies to find answers to the above questions and track and understand how company records are utilized. It provides visibility into the risks of misuse or violations. When management performs an audit, they can oversee every interaction with data and record it in the audit trail. This provides insights into which records were accessed, when, and by whom. Regularly performing database audits can help businesses run smoother and more securely. The following is an illustration of the audit database procedure:

There are several types of audits involved in the process of conducting a database audit:

  • Access & Authentication Audit: This audit aims to determine who accesses the system, which system they access, when, and how.
  • User & Administrator Audit: This audit seeks to gather information about the activities performed by administrators or users concerning the database.
  • Security Monitoring Audit: This audit identifies and flags suspicious and abnormal access to sensitive or critical data systems.
  • Threat and Vulnerability Audit: This audit is designed to detect vulnerabilities in the database and monitor users attempting to exploit the database.
  • Change Auditing: This audit establishes fundamental policies for the database, including schema, configuration, structure, and user-related aspects. It enables tracking deviations from these established baselines.

In conclusion, conducting regular database audits is crucial for ensuring the security and integrity of a company’s data. It helps identify potential risks, monitor user activities, and make informed decisions to protect the organization from threats.